Modified and corrected from Tom
Dickens. Please notify me of any
errors!
Mnemonic 
Operation 
Addressing

Instruction 
Bytes 
Cycles 
Condition Codes 

Prebyte 
Opcode 
Operand 


ABA 
Add Accumulators 
INH 
— 
1B 
— 
1 
2 

ABX 
Add B to X 
INH 
— 
3A 
— 
1 
3 

ABY 
Add B to Y 
INH 
18 
3A 
— 
2 
4 

ADCA 
Add with Carry to A 
IMM 
— 
89 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
99 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B9 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A9 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A9 
ff 
3 
5 

ADCB 
Add with Carry to B 
IMM 
— 
C9 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D9 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F9 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E9 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E9 
ff 
3 
5 

ADDA 
Add Memory to A 
IMM 
— 
8B 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
9B 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
BB 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
AB 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
AB 
ff 
3 
5 

ADDB 
Add Memory to B 
IMM 
— 
CB 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
DB 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
FB 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
EB 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
EB 
ff 
3 
5 

ADDD 
Add 16Bit to D 
IMM 
— 
C3 
jj kk 
3 
4 

DIR 
— 
D3 
dd 
2 
5 

EXT 
— 
F3 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
E3 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
E3 
ff 
3 
7 

ANDA 
AND A with Memory 
IMM 
— 
84 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
94 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B4 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A4 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A4 
ff 
3 
5 

ANDB 
AND B with Memory 
IMM 
— 
C4 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D4 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F4 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E4 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E4 
ff 
3 
5 

ASL 
Arithmetic Shift Left 
EXT 
— 
78 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
68 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
68 
ff 
3 
7 

ASLA 
Arithmetic Shift Left A 
INH 
— 
48 
— 
1 
2 

ASLB 
Arithmetic Shift Left B 
INH 
— 
58 
— 
1 
2 

ASLD 
Arithmetic Shift Left D 
INH 
— 
05 
— 
1 
3 

ASR 
Arithmetic Shift Right 
EXT 
— 
77 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
67 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
67 
ff 
3 
7 

ASRA 
Arithmetic Shift Right A 
INH 
— 
47 
— 
1 
2 

ASRB 
Arithmetic Shift Right B 
INH 
— 
57 
— 
1 
2 

BCC 
Branch if Carry Clear 
REL 
— 
24 
rr 
2 
3 

BCLR 
Clear Bit(s) 
DIR 
— 
15 
dd mm 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
1D 
ff mm 
3 
7 

IND, Y 
18 
1D 
ff mm 
4 
8 

BCS 
Branch if Carry Set 
REL 
— 
25 
rr 
2 
3 

BEQ 
Branch if = Zero 
REL 
— 
27 
rr 
2 
3 

BGE 
Branch if ≥ Zero 
REL 
— 
2C 
rr 
2 
3 

BGT 
Branch if > Zero 
REL 
— 
2E 
rr 
2 
3 

BHI 
Branch if Higher 
REL 
— 
22 
rr 
2 
3 

BHS 
Branch if Higher or Same 
REL 
— 
24 
rr 
2 
3 

BITA 
Bit(s) Test A with Memory 
IMM 
— 
85 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
95 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B5 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A5 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A5 
ff 
3 
5 

BITB 
Bit(s) Test B with Memory 
IMM 
— 
C5 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D5 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F5 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E5 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E5 
ff 
3 
5 

BLE 
Branch if ≤ Zero 
REL 
— 
2F 
rr 
2 
3 

BLO 
Branch if Lower 
REL 
— 
25 
rr 
2 
3 

BLS 
Branch if Lower or Same 
REL 
— 
23 
rr 
2 
3 

BLT 
Branch if < Zero 
REL 
— 
2D 
rr 
2 
3 

BMI 
Branch if Minus 
REL 
— 
2B 
rr 
2 
3 

BNE 
Branch if Not = Zero 
REL 
— 
26 
rr 
2 
3 

BPL 
Branch if Plus 
REL 
— 
2A 
rr 
2 
3 

BRA 
Branch Always 
REL 
— 
20 
rr 
2 
3 

BRCLR 
Branch if Bit(s) Clear 
DIR 
— 
13 
dd mm rr 
4 
6 

IND, X 
— 
1F 
ff mm rr 
4 
7 

IND, Y 
18 
1F 
ff mm rr 
5 
8 

BRN 
Branch Never 
REL 
— 
21 
rr 
2 
3 

BRSET 
Branch if Bit(s) Set 
DIR 
— 
12 
dd mm rr 
4 
6 

IND, X 
— 
1E 
ff mm rr 
4 
7 

IND, Y 
18 
1E 
ff mm rr 
5 
8 

BSET 
Set Bit(s) 
DIR 
— 
14 
dd mm 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
1C 
ff mm 
3 
7 

IND, Y 
18 
1C 
ff mm 
4 
8 

BSR 
Branch to Subroutine 
REL 
— 
8D 
rr 
2 
6 

BVC 
Branch if Overflow Clear 
REL 
— 
28 
rr 
2 
3 

BVS 
Branch if Overflow Set 
REL 
— 
29 
rr 
2 
3 

Mnemonic 
Operation 
Addressing

Instruction 
Bytes 
Cycles 
Condition Codes 

Prebyte 
Opcode 
Operand 


CBA 
Compare A to B 
INH 
— 
11 
— 
1 
2 

CLC 
Clear Carry Bit 
INH 
— 
0C 
— 
1 
2 

CLI 
Clear Interrupt Mask 
INH 
— 
0E 
— 
1 
2 

CLR 
Clear Memory Byte 
EXT 
— 
7F 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
6F 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
6F 
ff 
3 
7 

CLRA 
Clear Accumulator A 
INH 
— 
4F 
— 
1 
2 

CLRB 
Clear Accumulator B 
INH 
— 
5F 
— 
1 
2 

CLV 
Clear Overflow Flag 
INH 
— 
0A 
— 
1 
2 

CMPA 
Compare A to Memory 
IMM 
— 
81 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
91 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B1 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A1 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A1 
ff 
3 
5 

CMPB 
Compare B to Memory 
IMM 
— 
C1 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D1 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F1 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E1 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E1 
ff 
3 
5 

COM 
1's Complement Memory Byte 
EXT 
— 
73 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
63 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
63 
ff 
3 
7 

COMA 
1's Complement A 
INH 
— 
43 
— 
1 
2 

COMB 
1's Complement B 
INH 
— 
53 
— 
1 
2 

CPD 
Compare D to Memory 16Bit 
IMM 
1A 
83 
jj kk 
4 
5 

DIR 
1A 
93 
dd 
3 
6 

EXT 
1A 
B3 
hh ll 
4 
7 

IND, X 
1A 
A3 
ff 
3 
7 

IND, Y 
CD 
A3 
ff 
3 
7 

CPX 
Compare X to Memory 16Bit 
IMM 
— 
8C 
jj kk 
3 
4 

DIR 
— 
9C 
dd 
2 
5 

EXT 
— 
BC 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
AC 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
CD 
AC 
ff 
3 
7 

CPY 
Compare Y to Memory 16Bit 
IMM 
18 
8C 
jj kk 
4 
5 

DIR 
18 
9C 
dd 
3 
6 

EXT 
18 
BC 
hh ll 
4 
7 

IND, X 
1A 
AC 
ff 
3 
7 

IND, Y 
18 
AC 
ff 
3 
7 

DAA 
Decimal Adjust A 
INH 
— 
19 
— 
1 
2 

DEC 
Decrement Memory Byte 
EXT 
— 
7A 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
6A 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
6A 
ff 
3 
7 

DECA 
Decrement Accumulator A 
INH 
— 
4A 
— 
1 
2 

DECB 
Decrement Accumulator B 
INH 
— 
5A 
— 
1 
2 

DES 
Decrement Stack Pointer 
INH 
— 
34 
— 
1 
3 

DEX 
Decrement Index Register X 
INH 
— 
09 
— 
1 
3 

DEY 
Decrement Index Register Y 
INH 
18 
09 
— 
2 
4 

EORA 
Exclusive OR A with Memory 
IMM 
— 
88 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
98 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B8 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A8 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A8 
ff 
3 
5 

EORB 
Exclusive OR B with Memory 
IMM 
— 
C8 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D8 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F8 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E8 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E8 
ff 
3 
5 

FDIV 
Fractional Divide 16 by 16 
INH 
— 
03 
— 
1 
41 

IDIV 
Integer Divide 16 by 16 
INH 
— 
02 
— 
1 
41 

INC 
Increment Memory Byte 
EXT 
— 
7C 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
6C 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
6C 
ff 
3 
7 

INCA 
Increment Accumulator A 
INH 
— 
4C 
— 
1 
2 

INCB 
Increment Accumulator B 
INH 
— 
5C 
— 
1 
2 

INS 
Increment Stack Pointer 
INH 
— 
31 
— 
1 
3 

INX 
Increment Index Register X 
INH 
— 
08 
— 
1 
3 

INY 
Increment Index Register Y 
INH 
18 
08 
— 
2 
4 

JMP 
Jump 
EXT 
— 
7E 
hh ll 
3 
3 

IND, X 
— 
6E 
ff 
2 
3 

IND, Y 
18 
6E 
ff 
3 
4 

JSR 
Jump to Subroutine 
DIR 
— 
9D 
dd 
2 
5 

EXT 
— 
BD 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
AD 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
AD 
ff 
3 
7 

Mnemonic 
Operation 
Addressing

Instruction 
Bytes 
Cycles 
Condition Codes 

Prebyte 
Opcode 
Operand 


LDAA 
Load Accumulator A 
IMM 
— 
86 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
96 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B6 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A6 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A6 
ff 
3 
5 

LDAB 
Load Accumulator B 
IMM 
— 
C6 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D6 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F6 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E6 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E6 
ff 
3 
5 

LDD 
Load Double Accumulator D 
IMM 
— 
CC 
jj kk 
3 
3 

DIR 
— 
DC 
dd 
2 
4 

EXT 
— 
FC 
hh ll 
3 
5 

IND, X 
— 
EC 
ff 
2 
5 

IND, Y 
18 
EC 
ff 
3 
6 

LDS 
Load Stack Pointer 
IMM 
— 
8E 
jj kk 
3 
3 

DIR 
— 
9E 
dd 
2 
4 

EXT 
— 
BE 
hh ll 
3 
5 

IND, X 
— 
AE 
ff 
2 
5 

IND, Y 
18 
AE 
ff 
3 
6 

LDX 
Load Index Register X 
IMM 
— 
CE 
jj kk 
3 
3 

DIR 
— 
DE 
dd 
2 
4 

EXT 
— 
FE 
hh ll 
3 
5 

IND, X 
— 
EE 
ff 
2 
5 

IND, Y 
CD 
EE 
ff 
3 
6 

LDY 
Load Index Register Y 
IMM 
18 
CE 
jj kk 
4 
4 

DIR 
18 
DE 
dd 
3 
5 

EXT 
18 
FE 
hh ll 
4 
6 

IND, X 
1A 
EE 
ff 
3 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
EE 
ff 
3 
6 

LSL 
Logical Shift Left 
EXT 
— 
78 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
68 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
68 
ff 
3 
7 

LSLA 
Logical Shift Left A 
INH 
— 
48 
— 
1 
2 

LSLB 
Logical Shift Left B 
INH 
— 
58 
— 
1 
2 

LSLD 
Logical Shift Left Double 
INH 
— 
05 
— 
1 
3 

LSR 
Logical Shift Right 
EXT 
— 
74 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
64 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
64 
ff 
3 
7 

LSRA 
Logical Shift Right A 
INH 
— 
44 
— 
1 
2 

LSRB 
Logical Shift Right B 
INH 
— 
54 
— 
1 
2 

LSRD 
Logical Shift Right Double 
INH 
— 
04 
— 
1 
3 

MUL 
Multiply 8 by 8 
INH 
— 
3D 
— 
1 
10 

NEG 
2's Complement Memory Byte 
EXT 
— 
70 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
60 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
60 
ff 
3 
7 

NEGA 
2's Complement A 
INH 
— 
40 
— 
1 
2 

NEGB 
2's Complement B 
INH 
— 
50 
— 
1 
2 

NOP 
No Operation 
INH 
— 
01 
— 
1 
2 

ORAA 
OR Accumulator A (Inclusive) 
IMM 
— 
8A 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
9A 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
BA 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
AA 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
AA 
ff 
3 
5 

ORAB 
OR Accumulator B (Inclusive) 
IMM 
— 
CA 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
DA 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
FA 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
EA 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
EA 
ff 
3 
5 

PSHA 
Push A onto Stack 
INH 
— 
36 
— 
1 
3 

PSHB 
Push B onto Stack 
INH 
— 
37 
— 
1 
3 

PSHX 
Push X onto Stack 
INH 
— 
3C 
— 
1 
4 

PSHY 
Push Y onto Stack 
INH 
18 
3C 
— 
2 
5 

PULA 
Pull A from Stack 
INH 
— 
32 
— 
1 
4 

PULB 
Pull B from Stack 
INH 
— 
33 
— 
1 
4 

PULX 
Pull X from Stack 
INH 
— 
38 
— 
1 
5 

PULY 
Pull Y from Stack 
INH 
18 
38 
— 
2 
6 

ROL 
Rotate Left 
EXT 
— 
79 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
69 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
69 
ff 
3 
7 

ROLA 
Rotate Left A 
INH 
— 
49 
— 
1 
2 

ROLB 
Rotate Left B 
INH 
— 
59 
— 
1 
2 

ROR 
Rotate Right 
EXT 
— 
76 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
66 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
66 
ff 
3 
7 

RORA 
Rotate Right A 
INH 
— 
46 
— 
1 
2 

RORB 
Rotate Right B 
INH 
— 
56 
— 
1 
2 

RTI 
Return from Interrupt 
INH 
— 
3B 
— 
1 
12 

RTS 
Return from Subroutine 
INH 
— 
39 
— 
1 
5 

Mnemonic 
Operation 
Addressing

Instruction 
Bytes 
Cycles 
Condition Codes 

Prebyte 
Opcode 
Operand 


SBA 
Subtract B from A 
INH 
— 
10 
— 
1 
2 

SBCA 
Subtract with Carry from A 
IMM 
— 
82 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
92 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B2 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A2 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A2 
ff 
3 
5 

SBCB 
Subtract with Carry from B 
IMM 
— 
C2 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D2 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F2 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E2 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E2 
ff 
3 
5 

SEC 
Set Carry 
INH 
— 
0D 
— 
1 
2 

SEI 
Set Interrupt Mask 
INH 
— 
0F 
— 
1 
2 

SEV 
Set Overflow Flag 
INH 
— 
0B 
— 
1 
2 

STAA 
Store Accumulator A 
DIR 
— 
97 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B7 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A7 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A7 
ff 
3 
5 

STAB 
Store Accumulator B 
DIR 
— 
D7 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F7 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E7 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E7 
ff 
3 
5 

STD 
Store Accumulator D 
DIR 
— 
DD 
dd 
2 
4 

EXT 
— 
FD 
hh ll 
3 
5 

IND, X 
— 
ED 
ff 
2 
5 

IND, Y 
18 
ED 
ff 
3 
6 

STOP 
Stop Internal Clocks 
INH 
— 
CF 
— 
1 
2 

STS 
Store Stack Pointer 
DIR 
— 
9F 
dd 
2 
4 

EXT 
— 
BF 
hh ll 
3 
5 

IND, X 
— 
AF 
ff 
2 
5 

IND, Y 
18 
AF 
ff 
3 
6 

STX 
Store Index Register X 
DIR 
— 
DF 
dd 
2 
4 

EXT 
— 
FF 
hh ll 
3 
5 

IND, X 
— 
EF 
ff 
2 
5 

IND, Y 
CD 
EF 
ff 
3 
6 

STY 
Store Index Register Y 
DIR 
18 
DF 
dd 
3 
5 

EXT 
18 
FF 
hh ll 
4 
6 

IND, X 
1A 
EF 
ff 
3 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
EF 
ff 
3 
6 

SUBA 
Subtract Memory from A 
IMM 
— 
80 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
90 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
B0 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
A0 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
A0 
ff 
3 
5 

SUBB 
Subtract Memory from B 
IMM 
— 
C0 
ii 
2 
2 

DIR 
— 
D0 
dd 
2 
3 

EXT 
— 
F0 
hh ll 
3 
4 

IND, X 
— 
E0 
ff 
2 
4 

IND, Y 
18 
E0 
ff 
3 
5 

SUBD 
Subtract Memory from D 
IMM 
— 
83 
jj kk 
3 
4 

DIR 
— 
93 
dd 
2 
5 

EXT 
— 
B3 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
A3 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
A3 
ff 
3 
7 

SWI 
Software Interrupt 
INH 
— 
3F 
— 
1 
14 

TAB 
Transfer A to B 
INH 
— 
16 
— 
1 
2 

TAP 
Transfer A to CC Register 
INH 
— 
06 
— 
1 
2 

TBA 
Transfer B to A 
INH 
— 
17 
— 
1 
2 

TEST 
TEST (Only in Test Modes) 
INH 
— 
00 
— 
1 
* 

TPA 
Transfer CC Register to A 
INH 
— 
07 
— 
1 
2 

TST 
Test for Zero or Minus 
EXT 
— 
7D 
hh ll 
3 
6 

IND, X 
— 
6D 
ff 
2 
6 

IND, Y 
18 
6D 
ff 
3 
7 

TSTA 
Test A for Zero or Minus 
INH 
— 
4D 
— 
1 
2 

TSTB 
Test B for Zero or Minus 
INH 
— 
5D 
— 
1 
2 

TSX 
Transfer Stack Pointer to X 
INH 
— 
30 
— 
1 
3 

TSY 
Transfer Stack Pointer to Y 
INH 
18 
30 
— 
2 
4 

TXS 
Transfer X to Stack Pointer 
INH 
— 
35 
— 
1 
3 

TYS 
Transfer Y to Stack Pointer 
INH 
18 
35 
— 
2 
4 

WAI 
Wait for Interrupt 
INH 
— 
3E 
— 
1 
** 

XGDX 
Exchange D with X 
INH 
— 
8F 
— 
1 
3 

XGDY 
Exchange D with Y 
INH 
18 
8F 
— 
2 
4 

Mnemonic 
Operation 
Addressing

Instruction 
Bytes 
Cycles 
Condition Codes 

Prebyte 
Opcode 
Operand 

Cycle:
* 
Infinity or until reset occurs. 
** 
12 cycles are used beginning with the opcode fetch. A wait state is entered which remains in effect for an integer number of MPU Eclock cycles (n) until an interrupt is recognized. Finally, two additional cycles are used to fetch the appropriate interrupt vector (total = 14 + n). 
Operands:
dd 
= 
8bit direct address $0000$00FF. (High byte assumed to be $00.) 
ff 
= 
8bit positive offset $00 (0) to $FF (255) added to index. 
hh 
= 
High order byte of 16bit extended address. 
ii 
= 
One byte of immediate data. 
jj 
= 
High order byte of 16bit immediate data. 
kk 
= 
Low order byte of 16bit immediate data. 
ll 
= 
Low order byte of 16bit extended address. 
mm 
= 
8bit bit mask (set bits to be affected). 
rr 
= 
Signed relative offset $80 (128) to $7F (+127). Offset relative to the address following the machine code offset byte. 
Condition Codes:
Bit not changed. 

Always cleared (logic 0). 

Always set (logic 1). 

Bit cleared or set depending on operation. 

Bit may be cleared, cannot become set. 